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Ideokinesis.com | Bibliography

BIBLIOGRAPHY FOR IDEOKINESIS.COM

This bibliography presents publications written by or about each of the teachers profiled in this website and some additional related resources. Please scroll down to find books, articles or videos for the teacher you are interested in. The bibliographic references for Mabel Todd, Barbara Clark and Lulu Sweigard have been annotated. Materials for the other teachers are presented in a simpler bibliographic format. Links to publishers have been provided for books and videos that are currently "in print." Please contact us with suggestions for enlarging this bibliography.

Karen Barracuda

Barracuda, K. “Teaching Dance to Promote a Better Instrument for Movement: Part I,” American Dance: Journal of the American Dance Guild 1(1): 8-10, 1986.

-------- “Teaching Dance to Promote a Better Instrument for Movement: Part II,” American Dance: Journal of the American Dance Guild 1(2): 13-18, 1986.

-------- “Anatomical Descriptions of The Spinal Column and Joint Movements.” Paper presented at the International Council for Kinetography Laban, March 1989. Unpublished, available from the author.

--------“Addendum to Anatomical Descriptions.” Addendum to a paper presented at the International Council for Kinetography Laban, March 1989. Unpublished, available from the author.

--------“KL/LN For Recording Ideokinetic Exercises.” Paper presented at the International Council for Kinetography Laban, March 1989. Unpublished, available from the author.

André Bernard

Bernard, A. “An Introduction to Ideokinesis,” Contact Quarterly, Reprint #3 Ideokinesis and Creative Body Alignment. Summer/Fall 1997: 24-25. http://www.contactquarterly.com.

Bernard, A., U. Stricker and W. Steinmüller. Ideokinese: Ein kreativer Weg zu Bewegung und Kőrperhaltung. Bern, Switzerland: Verlag Hans Huber, 2003.

Bernard, A., U. Stricker and W. Steinmüller. Applied Ideokinesis: A Creative Approach to Human Movement and Body Alignment. Berkeley, California: North Atlantic Books, 2006.

Corfield, L. The Thinking Body: The Legacy of Mabel Todd Explained. Videotape. Piermont, NY: Teacher’s Video Workshop, 2000. http://www.dancehorizons.com or Teachers’ Video Workshop, P.O. Box 425, Piermont, NY 10968, Tel: (914) 359-6224.

Nelson, L. and N. S. Smith eds. “Remembering André Bernard 1924-2003,” Contact Quarterly, Winter/Spring 2004: 10-19.

Rosen, R. and N. Lyons. “Interview with André Bernard,” Contact Quarterly, Reprint #3 Ideokinesis and Creative Body Alignment. Summer/Fall 1997: 26-38. http://www.contactquarterly.com.

Sieben, I. “Ideokinesis, or the Art of Moving Pictures,” Ballet International/Tanz aktuell (English Edition) January 1999: 64 -65.

Barbara Clark

Clark, B. Structural Hygiene for the Preschool Child: Steps in the Baby’s Procedure for Balance and Movement. Cambridge, MA: By the Author, 1929. A pamphlet for parents on the importance of developmental movement activities for infants and toddlers.

-------- Let’s Enjoy Sitting –Standing–Walking. Port Washington, New York, NY: By the Author, 1963. Clark’s first body alignment manual devoted to improving posture and movement in ordinary daily activities.

-------- How to Live in your Axis –Your Vertical Line. New York, NY: By the Author, 1968. Designed for dance students, with emphasis on imagery relating the movement of the arms and legs to the center of the body.

-------- Body Proportion Needs Depth – Front to Back. Champaign, IL: By the Author, 1975. Emphasis on developing awareness of depth of the body to enhance postural balance.

Lichlyter, M.A. Following the Natural Pathway: Integrating Barbara Clark’s Somatic Principles with Modern Dance Technique. Unpublished Dissertation, Graduate School of Texas Woman’s University, Denton, Texas, 1999.

Matt, P. Mabel Elsworth Todd and Barbara Clark – Principles, Practices and the Import for Dance. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1973. Summarizes the early history of Todd and Clark’s contributions to the field of ideokinesis and suggests possibilities for using their work as an enhancement to dance training.

--------- A Kinesthetic Legacy: The Life and Works of Barbara Clark. Tempe, AZ: CMT Press, 1993. This biography of Barbara Clark also traces the development of Mabel Todd’s work and presents all of Clark’s out-of-print manuals and previously unpublished teaching guides. http://www.ideokinesis.com/cmt/index.htm and http://www.contactquarterly.com

Elizabeth Dempster

Dempster, E. “lmagery, Ideokinesis and Improvisation,” Writings on Dance 1: 18-22, 1985.

--------“Image-based Movement Education,” Writings on Dance 1: 13-17, 1985.

-------- “Profile: Russell Dumas,” New Theatre Australia (1)1: 47-49, 1987.

-------- “Women Writing the Body: Let's Watch a Little How She Dances,” Grafts: Feminist Criticism and Cultural Production, Susan Sheridan (ed), London: Verso, 1988: 35-54.

--------“Situated Knowledge: An Interview with Dana Reitz,” Writings on Dance 7: 23-37, Winter 1991.

-------- “Sara Rudner Dances: A Conversation,” Writings on Dance 8: 35-43, Winter 1992.

-------- “Revisioning the Body: Ideokinesis, Feminism and the New Dance,” Writings on Dance 9: 10-21, Autumn 1993.

-------- “Dancing the Body: Interview with Russell Dumas,” Contact Quarterly 19(1): 45-57, Winter/Spring 1994.

-------- “The Releasing Aesthetic: Joan Skinner Interview,” Writings on Dance 14: 17-26, Summer 1995.

-------- “Explorations Within the New Dance Aesthetic: An Interview with Eva Karczag,” Writings on Dance 14: 39-52, Summer 1995.

--------“Ideokinesis and the Practice of Dharana,” New Dance From Old Cultures. Green Mill Papers. Crusader Hillis and Ursula Dawkins (eds). Braddon ACT. Australian Dance Council, 1997: 71-76.

-------- “Bodies in Motion: Spatializing Practices in Australian Dance,” Imagining Australian Space: Cultural Studies and Spatial Inquiry. Barcan, R. and Buchanan, I. (eds.) Nedlands, WA: University of Western Australia Press, 1999: 103-113.

-------- “Jane Refshauge: Between Ideokinesis and Alexander,” Writings on Dance 22: 22-32, Summer 2003/04.

-------- “Some Notes on the Staging of Ideokinesis,” Writings on Dance 22: 37-48, Summer 2003/04.

-------- “A Conversation with Shona Innes,” Writings on Dance 22: 49-56, Summer 2003/04.

Irene Dowd

Dowd, I. “On Breathing,” EDDY About Dance Spring-Summer 1976.

--------- “Finding Your Center,” EDDY About Dance Winter 1977.

--------- “Standing on Two Legs,” EDDY About Dance Summer 1978.

--------- “Pelvis/Rib Cage/Breath Relationship,” Illustrations. Contact Quarterly 4(1) Fall 1978.

--------- “The Upper Extremity: Enfolding and Exposing,” Dance Scope 13(1): 48-57, Fall 1978.

--------- “Visualizing Movement Potential,” Dance Scope 14(1): 24-35, Fall 1979.

--------- “The Dark Side of the Brain: Working with the Dynamics of Touch through the Non-Dominant Hand,” Contact Quarterly 5(2) 12-15, Winter 1980.

--------- “Taking Root to Fly: The Human Spine,” Contact Quarterly 6(1): 26-33, Fall 1980.

--------- “La Visualization,” French translation by Odile Rouquet. Pour La Danse 64, November 1980.

--------- “La Visualization,” French translation by Odile Rouquet. Pour La Danse 65, December 1980.

--------- Taking Root to Fly: Seven Articles on Functional Anatomy. New York, NY: Irene Dowd and Contact Collaborations, 1981.

--------- “How the Dancer Sees,” Dance Magazine November 1981.

--------- “Ideokinesis: The Nine Lines of Movement,” Contact Quarterly 8(2): 38-46, Winter 1983.

--------- “Your Muscles: Weak or Strong?” Dance Magazine March 1984.

--------- “How to Arch Your Back,” Dance Magazine 58(4): 118-119, April 1984.

--------- “What it Means to Pull Up,” Dance Magazine 58(5): 142, May 1984.

--------- “How to Find the Turnout,” Dance Magazine 58(6): 100, June 1984.

--------- “On Metaphor,” Contact Quarterly 9(3): 18-22, Fall 1984.

--------- “La Visualization,” “Comment Trouver son Centre de Gravite,” “Les 9 Lignes du Mouvement,” translated into French by Odile Rouquet for Les Techniques d'Analyse du Mouvement et Ie Danseur. La Federation Francaise de Danse, Paris, 1985.

--------- “Ideokinesis - La Visualizzazione,” Italian translation by Silvia Baggio. La Danza 18, 1986.

--------- “In Honor of the Foot,” Contact Quarterly 11(3): 33-38, Fall 1986.

--------- “Chronic Pain in Dancers: A Theoretical and Treatment Protocol.” Schmerz und Sport: Interdisziplinare Schmerztherapie in der Sportmedizin (Pain in Sports: Interdisciplinary Paintherapy in Sports Medicine), Berlin: Singer-Verlag, 1988.

--------- Taking Root to Fly: Ten Articles on Functional Anatomy. Second Edition. New York, NY: Irene Dowd and Contact Collaborations,1990.

--------- “The Use of Intentional Touch,” Contact Quarterly 16(1): 21-29, Winter 1990.

--------- “Neutralization: Preparing for the Intentional Touch Interaction,” Contact Quarterly 16(3): 39-45, Fall 1991.

--------- “Modes of Perception: Finding Pathways through Inner Worlds,” Contact Quarterly 17(2): 51-62, Summer/Fall 1992.

--------- “Creating Motion through Intentional Touch,” Contact Quarterly 19(2): 48-62, Summer/Fall 1994.

--------- Taking Root to Fly: Articles on Functional Anatomy. Third Edition, New York, NY: By the Author, 1995. [Available from Irene Dowd, 14 East Fourth Street, #606, New York City, New York 10012-1141]

---------Ideokinesis.” In Selma Jeanne Cohen (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Dance. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 1998, 475-476.

--------- “Challenges to the Dancer's Hips provided by Leg Circles or the Grand Rond de Jambe en I'Air,” Choreography and Dance: Perspectives on the Healthy Dancer 6(1): 59-76, 2001.

--------- Spirals. Videotape. Toronto, Canada: The National Ballet School, 2002. [Available from The Shoe Room, The National Ballet School of Canada, Toronto, Canada (416) 964-5100]

--------- Warming up the Hip: Turn-out Dance and Orbits. Toronto, Canada: The National Ballet School, 2002. [Available from The Shoe Room, The National Ballet School of Canada, Toronto, Canada (416) 964-5100]

--------- Trunk Stabilization and Volutes. Toronto, Canada: The National Ballet School, 2002. [Available from The Shoe Room, The National Ballet School of Canada, Toronto, Canada (416) 964-5100]

Myers, M. “Todd, Sweigard, and Ideokinesis,” Dance Magazine June 1980: 17-19.

Joanne Emmons

Emmons, J. The Book of Lessons. Forthcoming. Albuquerque, NM. By the author.

--------- Emmons’ Dance in Depth Lessons. Forthcoming. Albuquerque, NM. By the author.

Lichlyter, M. Following the Natural Pathway: Integrating Barbara Clark’s Somatic Principles with Modern Dance Technique. Unpublished Dissertation. Graduate School of Texas Woman’s University, Denton, Texas, 1999.

Erick Hawkins

Brown. B. “Where I Stand,” Dance Scope 5, Fall 1970: 56-58.

Brown, B. “Training to Dance with Erick Hawkins.” In R. Lorber, ed. Erick Hawkins: Theory and Training. New York, NY: The American Dance Guild, 1979: 8–27. (First published in Dance Scope 6, Fall/Winter 1971-72: 6-30.)

Celichowska, R. The Erick Hawkins Modern Dance Technique. Hightstown, NJ: Princeton Book Company, 2000. http://www.dancehorizons.com

Hawkins, E. “Pure Poetry,” In S. Cohen, ed. The Modern Dance: Seven Statements of Belief. Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press, 1965: 39-51.

Hawkins, E. The Body is a Clear Place and Other Statements on Dance. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Book Company, 1992. http://www.dancehorizons.com.

Lorber, R. ed. Erick Hawkins: Theory and Training. New York, NY: The American Dance Guild, 1979.

Penella, F. “The Vision of Erick Hawkins.” In R. Lorber, ed. Erick Hawkins: Theory and Training. New York, NY: The American Dance Guild, 1979: 28-31. (First published in Dance Scope 12, Spring Summer 1978: 14-23.)

Tyler, P. “Erick Hawkins: American Life Stylist.” In M. Norton, ed. On the Dance of Erick Hawkins. New York, NY: Foundations for Modern Dance, 1972: 16-24.

Woodsworth, M. “Sensing Nature’s Flow, Hawkins Teaches up a Storm – Showers of Dance-Poems!” Dance Magazine October 1972: 24-29.

Introduction

Bernard, A. “An Introduction to Ideokinesis.” Contact Quarterly Reprint No. 3, Northampton, MA: Contact Editions Summer/Fall 1997, 24-25. http://www.contactquarterly.com

Dowd, I. “Ideokinesis: The Nine Lines of Movement,” Contact Quarterly 8 (2): Winter 1983, 38-46.

--------- “Visualizing Movement Potential.” in Taking Root to Fly: Articles on Functional Anatomy. 3rd Edition. New York, NY: By the Author, 1995. [Irene Dowd, 14 East Fourth Street #606, NYC 10012-1141]

Matt, P. “The Nature of Ideokinesis and Its Value for Dancers,” in Dance Kinesiology by Sally Fitt. 2nd Edition. New York, NY: Schirmer Books. 1996, 338-341.

Myers, M. “Todd, Sweigard, and Ideokinesis,” Dance Magazine June 1980: 17-19.

Sweigard, L.E. “Basic Concepts.” Chapter 1 in Human Movement Potential: Its Ideokinetic Facilitation. Reprint. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America, 1988. http://www.univpress.com

Betty Jones

American Dance Festival. Betty Jones: conversations with contemporary masters of American modern dance. Video. Durham, NC: ADF Videos, 1993.

Egan, C. “Teacher’s Wisdom: Betty Jones,” Dance Magazine 79 (4) April 2005: 84-85.

Jones, B. “Voices of the Body,” in J. Dunbar (Ed.) Josė Limón: The Artist Reviewed. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Harwood Academic Publishers, 2000: 37-45.

Owen, N. “Moveable Parts – Betty Jones and Limón Technique,” in Arts 4 All Newsletter. http://www.arts4all.com/newsletter/issue18/owen18.html.

Nancy Lyons

Lyons, N. “Afterword” for Ideokinese: Ein kreativer Weg zu Bewegung und Kőrperhaltung. by A. Bernard, U. Stricker and W. Steinmüller. Bern, Switzerland: Verlag Hans Huber, 2003: 173-175.

Lyons N. and R. Rosen. “Interview with André Bernard,” Contact Quarterly, Reprint #3 Ideokinesis and Creative Body Alignment. Summer/Fall 1997: 26-38. http://www.contactquarterly.com

Lyons, N. and R. Fuller. The Moving Box. Cotati, California: The Footprint Press, 1977.

---------Openings and Inner Workings. Cotati, California: The Footprint Press, 1978

---------The Moving Book, K-3. Cotati, California: The Footprint Press, 2003.

---------The Moving Book, 2-6. Cotati, California: The Footprint Press, 2005

Lynn Martin

Caso, L. and L. Martin. Breathing: The Source of Life. Videotape. Sparkhill, NY: Hallel Communications, 1996.

Martin, L. "Sweigard's Legacy: Further Explorations Into Breathing." Journal for the Anthropological Study of Human Movement 4 (1) Spring 1986, 18 – 35.

Martin, L. "Six Haitian Vodou Dances." Visual Anthropology 8, 1996, 219 – 249.

Stough, C. An Introduction to Respiratory Science. Videotape, 1991.

Pamela Matt

Matt, P. Mabel Elsworth Todd and Barbara Clark – Principles, Practice and the Import for Dance. Unpublished Masters of Art Thesis. Urbana-Champaign, Illinois: University of Illinois, 1973.

--------- “Don’t ‘Stand Up Straight’ – Use Your Imagination.” In S.W. Stinson (Ed.), Proceedings of the 1991 Dance and the Child: International. Salt Lake City, UT University of Utah. 1991, 232-241.

--------- “Ideokinesis – Integrating the Science and Somatics of Dance.” Kinesiology and Medicine for Dance. 14 (1): 68-77, Fall/Winter 1991-92.

--------- A Kinesthetic Legacy: The Life and Works of Barbara Clark. Tempe, AZ: CMT Press, 1993. http://www.ideokinesis.com/cmt/index.htm and http://www.contactquarterly.com/

---------“The Nature of Ideokinesis and its Value for Dancers.” In S.Fitt Dance Kinesiology. Second Edition. New York, NY: Schirmer Books. 1996, 335-341.

--------- “Critical Thinking in Dance Science Education,” Journal of Dance Education 3(4): 121-30, 2003.

--------- “Review: Teaching Dancing with Ideokinetic Principles, by Drid Williams,” JASHM Volume 18 No. 1 University of Illinois Press at Urbana Champaign, 2012.

John Rolland

Eijden, J.L.M. van, John Rolland on Todd Alignment and Release Technique. Videotapes. J.L.M. van Eijden School for New Dance Development, Jodenbreestraat 3, 1011 NG, Amsterdam The Netherlands, 1993. http://www.somaticmovementstudies.org

Rolland, J. “Mabel Todd: An Introduction to her Work,” Contact Quarterly 5(1) Fall 1979: 6-7.

--------- Inside Motion: An Ideokinetic Basis for Movement Education. Urbana, IL: Rolland String Associates, 1987. http://www.contactquarterly.com

Topf, N. “John Rolland Remembered,” Contact Quarterly 19(2) Summer/Fall 1994: 13-17.

Veeninga, R. “Making a Meaningful Memorial for John Rolland,” Contact Quarterly 19(2) Summer/Fall 1994: 19-22.

Lulu Sweigard

Brunnström, S. “The Changing Conception of Posture: Methods of Dealing with Faulty Posture,” The Physiotherapy Review 20 (2): 79-84, 1940. Traces concepts of proper posture originating with the “standing at attention” approach prescribed in Swedish Gymnastics; explains the biomechanical futility of common postural admonitions; gives high praise to Todd and Sweigard’s innovative teaching methods.

Kaempffert, W. “Body Mechanics,” In “Science in the News,” New York Times November 24, 1940, D5. Cites Sweigard’s doctoral study; explains how Sweigard’s approach differs from conventional physical education; uses behaviorist concepts to acquaint reader with automatic reflexes governing posture; discusses use of imagery and constructive rest.

Litvinoff, V. “Of Sweigard, Body Education and Kindred Things,” Dance Scope 10(1): 51-64, Fall/Winter 1975-76. Compares Sweigard’s approach to other somatic approaches and other forms of movement education; critical of Sweigard’s mechanistic references and focus on western theatrical dance.

Popken, F. E. “Efficiency in Movement Through Ideokinesis (The Sweigard Method).” In R.E. Priddle (Ed.), Dance Research Annual XI: Psychological Perspectives on Dance. New York, NY: Congress on Research in Dance. 1978, 41-46. Explains the need for Sweigard’s work; summarizes the results of her research studies; defines ideokinesis and describes her teaching practices.

Sweigard, L. “Body Mechanics and Posture in Modern Life.” In Symposium on Posture. Phi Delta Pi National Physical Education Fraternity for Women. 1938, 18-27. Sweigard’s non-traditional views on posture and posture education procedures are described; other authors also present conflicting views of posture and body mechanics.

---------Bilateral Asymmetry in the Alignment of the Skeletal Framework of the Human Body. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. New York University, School of Education, 1939. Sweigard’s analysis of bilateral deviations in postural alignment found in a study of nearly 500 subjects.

--------- “The Athenia Disaster – My Story: An Eye Witness Account.” Alumnus - Iowa State Teacher’s College January 1940, 5-8. Sweigard describes her personal experience of the attack on the S.S. Athenia at the beginning of World War II; the story of her escape, rescue and care for the wounded passengers is accompanied by quotations from other passengers praising her heroism.

--------- “Posture and Body Mechanics.” In Constance J. Foster (Ed.), The Attractive Child: The Care and Development of your Child’s Beauty. New York, NY: Julian Messner, Inc. 1941, 235-259. Sweigard describes the development of posture and proper care of the child’s body; suggests frequent periods of rest as an alternative to usual postural admonitions suggested by parents and teachers.

--------- “Learning to Rest,” Self Magazine May 1946, 13-15. Introductory article on the importance of rest in improving posture; written for the layperson.

--------- “Constructive Rest,” Self Magazine June 1946, 21-22. Presents a visualization of the body in the constructive rest position as a bag of sand with sand flowing in various directions to promote a more balanced musculoskeletal system.

--------- “Postural Difficulties: Part One,” Self Magazine August 1946, 8-9. Short discussion of common postural problems.

--------- “Postural Difficulties: Part Two,” Self Magazine September 1946, 25-27. Describes features of the lordotic posture; presents images for the pelvis, legs and feet.

--------- “Psychomotor Function as Correlated with Body Mechanics and Posture,” Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences Ser. II, 2 (7): 243-248, May 1949. Reprinted in Nadel, M.H. and C. G. Nadel (Eds.), The Dance Experience: Readings in Dance Appreciation. New York, NY: Praeger Publishers. 1970, 358-365. Explains that attempting to change posture “at will” is not effective; asserts that posture can be “reconditioned” toward greater mechanical efficiency through mental activity; draws distinctions between muscular efficiency and relaxation.

--------- “The Dancer’s Posture.” Impulse 1961. San Francisco, CA: Impulse Publications, Inc. 1961, 38-43. Correlates findings from her study of bilateral asymmetry to the dancer’s experience of differences in the mobility of the thigh joints and preference for a more stable standing leg; explains tests of spinal flexibility and four principles guiding procedures used in the posture laboratory.

--------- “Better Dancing Through Better Body Balance,” Journal of Health, Physical Education, and Recreation. 36 (5): 22-23, 56, May 1965. To support her idea that the dancer’s posture largely determines success in performance, Sweigard explains the relationship between posture and flexibility; warns of the dangers associated with teaching turnout improperly.

--------- “Preface.” In Mabel Todd’s The Thinking Body. Reprint. New York, NY: Dance Horizons, Inc. 1972, ix-xi. Sweigard explains her initial interest in Todd’s unorthodox approach and summarizes the results of her own research studies. http://www.dancehorizons.com

--------- “The Use of Imagined Action in Teaching the Dance.” In Boorman, J., and D. Harris (Eds.), Dance: Verities, Values and Visions. A Collection of Papers Presented at the Binational Dance Conference. Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. June 1971. Vanier City, Ontario, Canada: Canadian Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation. 1973, 21-25. Lists the postural faults often found in dancers; describes principles to be used in teaching “imagined action” to dancers in a class setting and possible responses to the teaching.

--------- Human Movement Potential: Its Ideokinetic Facilitation. New York, NY: Dodd, Mead and Co. 1974. Sweigard’s classic text presents musculoskeletal anatomy and physiology, kinesiology, and her approach to improving posture and body mechanics; the term “ideokinesis” is introduced as a name for the approach. http://www.univpress.com

Unknown. “Sweigard System Corrects Posture by Rest,” Life Magazine January 6, 1941. Photomontage of Sweigard’s teaching and diagnostic procedures.

Williams, D. “Sweigard: A Memorial Tribute.” From a program for a SEHNAP faculty gathering at NYU, Fall 1980. Recounts Sweigard’s accomplishments; describes her pioneering work in movement education along with the obstacles she encountered in promoting her ideas and methods.

Williams, D. “On Human Movement Potential: A Review Article,” Journal for the Anthropological Study of Human Movement: Special Issue on Semasiology 1(4): 288-298, Autumn 1981. A tribute and remembrance of Sweigard; provides insights to those who would study her book from the linguistic, philosophical, psychological, medical, artistic, educational or anthropological points of view.

Sally Swift

Corfield, L. The Thinking Body: The Legacy of Mabel Todd Explained. Videotape. Piermont, NY: Teachers’ Video Workshop, 2000. http://www.dancehorizons.com or Teachers’ Video Workshop P.O. Box 425 Piermont, NY 10968, Tel: (914) 359-6224.

Forsberg-Meyer, J. “Showing us the Way,” Horse and Rider, March 2000.

Harris, S. “Centered Riding in ’94,” Northeast Equine Journal, March 1994.

Loomis, C. “Centered on Sally: Her Book and Her Teachings Are a Huge Success,” Horseplay, March 1991.

Murdoch, W. “Centering on Sally Swift,” Dressage & CT, January 1996.

Murphey, D. “ Equestrian Instructor Sally Swift,” Investor’s Business Daily, March 10, 1999.

Swift, S. Centered Riding, North Pomfret, Vermont: Trafalgar Square Publishing, 1985. http://www.horseandriderbooks.com

-------- Centered Riding: Tape 1, Videotape. North Pomfret, Vermont: Trafalgar Square Publishing, 1986. http://www.horseandriderbooks.com

-------- Centered Riding: Tape 2, Videotape. North Pomfret, Vermont: Trafalgar Square Publishing, 1986. http://www.horseandriderbooks.com

-------- Centered Riding Today: An Informal Talk, Videotape. North Pomfret, Vermont: Trafalgar Square Publishing, 2001. http://www.horseandriderbooks.com

-------- Centered Riding 2: Further Exploration, North Pomfret, Vermont: Trafalgar Square Publishing, 2002. http://www.horseandriderbooks.com

Mabel Elsworth Todd

Brunnström, S. “The Changing Conception of Posture: Methods of Dealing with Faulty Posture,” The Physiotherapy Review 20 (2): 79-84,1940. Traces concepts of proper posture originating with the “standing at attention” approach prescribed in Swedish Gymnastics; explains the biomechanical futility of common postural admonitions; gives high praise to Todd and Sweigard’s innovative teaching methods.

Corfield, L. The Thinking Body: The Legacy of Mabel Todd Explained. Videotape. Piermont, NY: Teachers’ Video Workshop, 2000. After a brief overview of Todd’s work, the video presents the contributions of Sally Swift, Andre’ Bernard and Nancy Topf. http://www.dancehorizons.com or Teachers’ Video Workshop P.O. Box 425 Piermont, NY 10968, Tel: (914) 359-6224.

Matt, P. Mabel Elsworth Todd and Barbara Clark – Principles, Practices and the Import for Dance. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1973. Summarizes the early history of Todd and Clark’s contributions to the field of ideokinesis and suggests possibilities for using their work as an enhancement to dance training.

--------- A Kinesthetic Legacy: The Life and Works of Barbara Clark. Tempe, AZ: CMT Press, 1993. Although primarily a biography of Barbara Clark, one of Todd’s students, this work contains historical background on Mabel Elsworth Todd. http://www.ideokinesis.com/cmt/index.htm and http://www.contactquarterly.com/

Rolland, J. “Mabel Todd: An Introduction to her Work,” Contact Quarterly 5(1) Fall 1979: 6-7.

Todd, M. “Principles of Posture,” The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 182 (26): 645-649, June 24, 1920. This “first paper” of Mabel Todd presents her description of the nature of normal posture and discusses methods of posture correction.

--------- “Principles of Posture, with Special Reference to the Mechanics of the Hip Joint,” The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 184 (25): 667-673, June 23, 1921. Todd continues her discussion of body mechanics in this “second paper” with emphasis upon the balance and interdependence of various units of weight in the body and the significance of normal mechanics of the hip joint.

--------- The Balancing of Forces in the Human Being: Its Application to Postural Patterns. New York, NY: Columbia University Teachers College. May 1, 1929. Class syllabus with focus on the rationale and goals of Todd’s method of posture education; her “procedure for thinking,” in contrast to the use of remedial exercise, is explained.

--------- “Our Strains and Tensions,” Progressive Education 7: 242-6, 1931. Briefly introduces Todd’s approach to achieving mechanical balance in the body as a means of relief from the stresses of modern life.

---------The Thinking Body: A Study of the Balancing Forces of Dynamic Man (1937) Reprint, with a Preface by Lulu E. Sweigard. New York, NY: Dance Horizons, Inc., 1972. Todd’s classic work explains the kinesiological basis for her approach to posture education. http://www.dancehorizons.com

--------- Early Writings: 1920 – 1934. Reprint with a Forward by Fritz E. Popken. New York, NY: Dance Horizons, Inc. 1977. This collection includes articles Todd wrote for The Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, her Columbia Teachers College course syllabus, as well an illustrated pamphlet prepared for the public after a talk she conducted for a radio broadcast.

--------- The Hidden You: What You Are and What to Do About It (1953) Reprint, with a Forward by Dr. Jesse Feiring Williams. New York, NY: Dance Horizons, Inc. n.d. Todd’s last and most controversial work.

Nancy Topf

Buckwalter, M. Composing While Dancing: an Improviser's Companion. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2011.

Corfield, L. The Thinking Body: The Legacy of Mabel Todd Explained. Videotape.
Piermont, NY: Teachers’ Video Workshop, 2000.
www.dancehorizons.com or Teachers’ Video Workshop P.O. Box 425 Piermont, NY 10968, Tel: (914) 359-6224.

Gibson, J. “Space Walk.” Contact Quarterly 25 (2) Summer/Fall 2000, 42 - 47.

Murphey, M. “The Straw Line: Teaching Dance to Children using the Topf Technique.” Contact Quarterly 24 (2) Summer/Fall 1999, 40-42.

Nelson, L. and N. S. Smith eds. “Remembering Nancy Topf.” Contact Quarterly 24 (1) Winter/Spring 1999, 11 - 22.

Topf, N. “Game Structures: A Performance.” Contact Quarterly 5 (3/4) Spring/Summer 1980, 20 - 21.

Topf, N. “One Day, a Dance.” Contact Quarterly, 9 (l) Fall, 1983, 10 – 13.

Topf, N. "John Rolland Remembered." Contact Quarterly 19 (2) Summer/Fall 1994, 13 – 17.

Topf, N. "Between Contact and Release." Contact Quarterly 23 (1) Winter/Spring 1998, 63 - 4.

Topf. N. “Freely Floating, Grass Grows Through Concrete: Twenty Years With Movement Research,” Movement Research Journal, Fall/Winter 1998-99.

Topf. N. Anatomy of Center by Nancy Topf: Excerpts from An Introduction to the Practice of Topf Technique and Dynamic Anatomy with a history of Release Technique and other Writings including Barbara Clark and Marsha Paludan. Melinda Buckwalter and Jen Harmon, eds. CQ Chapbook 3, Vol. 37 No. 2 Summer/Fall 2012.

Drid Williams

Birdwhistell, R. Kinesics in Context: Essays on Body Motion Communication. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1970.

Diesing, P. Patterns of Discovery in the Social Sciences. (Third Edition) Hawthorne, NY: Aldine, 1981.

Farnell, B. “It Goes Without Saying---But Not Always.” In T. Buckland (Ed.) Dance in the Field: Theory, Method, and Issues in Dance Ethnography . New York: St. Martin’s Press. 1999a, 145-160.

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